Info sheets

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Multiphysics

Coupling Environment

The »MpCCI CouplingEnvironment« has been developed at Fraunhofer SCAI in order to provide an application independent interface for the coupling of different simulation codes. MpCCI CouplingEnvironment has been accepted as a »de facto« neutral standard for simulation code coupling.

Download MpCCI_CouplingEnvironment [PDF, 1,1 MB]

MpCCI_FSIMapper_NVH

Aerodynamic Loads in a Full-Vehicle NVH Analysis

Many vibration and acoustic effects in full vehicles are caused by fluctuating aerodynamic loads. Related tasks in automotive development are
• analysis of underbody paneling and attachment to body,
• analysis of engine hood flatter,
• interior acoustic analysis with external aero-acoustic loads.
In order to perform realistic noise vibration harshness (NVH) analysis, the exciting aerodynamic forces have to be taken into account.

Download MpCCI_FSIMapper_NVH [PDF, 659 KB]

MpCCI_FSIMapper_EMAG_Vibrations

Simulation of ­Electro-Magnetic Induced Vibrations

The rotating electro-magnetic field in electric motors produces periodic forces which excite vibrations of the structure and generate noise in the surroundings. On the one hand the ­electro-magnetic forces are computed in an EM-code. On the ­other hand the vibrations are computed in ­Computational Structural Dynamics (CSD) codes.

Download MpCCI_FSIMapper_EMAG_Vibrations [PDF, 918 KB]

MpCCI_FSIMapper_Flow_Vibrations

Simulation of Flow-Induced Vibrations in Turbomachinery

Due to the interaction between rotating and stationary turbomachinery ­components, the transient fluid flow is characterized by periodic pressure ­fluctuations. Those ­oscillations excite ­vibrations of the blades.

Download MpCCI_FSIMapper_Flow_Vibrations [PDF, 618 KB]

MpCCI_Mapper

Mapper – Independent Mapping Tool for Integrated Simulation Workflows

Mapper provides advanced and robust methods to map, compare and transfer simulation results and experimental data in integrated simulation workflows. Mapper supports a growing number of native file formats and can be used in a variety of engineering applications. Mapper is a
standard tool in the engineering departments of most German automotive OEMs and has been validated in the VDA / FAT working group »Formed Chassis Parts« for Forming to Crash workflows.

Download MpCCI_Mapper [PDF, 897 KB]

CFD_Optimization

Optimization Using CFD Simulation Services

When developing technical devices andcomponents one is strongly interested in an efficient functionality of its design, meeting the requirements in a best manner. As numerical simulations have been well established in virtual design and computation times were further reduced, the application of sophisticated optimization algorithms gained lately in importance.

Download CFD_Optimization [PDF, 367 KB]

MpCCI_CouplingEnvironment_Flowmaster

MpCCI Flowmaster Adaptor 1D-3D Simulations

The increasing demand for shorter product development lifecycles and fewer physical tests while maximising quality is challenging organizations to bring together their ‘best-in-class’ simulation tools for each discipline and to enable them to work together in pursuit of virtual prototypes for entire systems.

Download MpCCI_CouplingEnvironment_Flowmaster [PDF, 376 KB]

High Performance Computing

Simulation and Inversion of Wave Fields

The aim of the project WAVE is to develop a toolbox that provides methods for the simulation and inversion of wave fields on high performance architectures. WAVE is funded by the BMBF (German National Ministry of Education and Research). The project started in March 2016 and ends by July 2019.

Download WAVE [PDF, 347 KB]

Fast Hardware Independent Software Development

LAMA is a framework for developing hardware-independent, high performance code for heterogeneous computing systems. It facilitates the development of fast and scalable software that can be deployed on nearly every type of system, from embedded devices to highly parallel supercomputers, with a single code base. By using LAMA for their application, software developers benefit from higher productivity in the implementation phase and stay up to date with the latest ­hardware innovations, both leading to shorter time-to-market.

Download LAMA [PDF, 289 KB]

(Semi-)automatic code optimization and ­parallelization

Fraunhofer SCAI has a longterm working experience in massively parallel computing and the corresponding optimization. The HPC group at Fraunhofer SCAI is developing mechanisms to extract the maximal potential of a given hardware through
(semi-)automatic code transformation and parallelization techniques.

Download Compiler [PDF, 423 KB]

Fast Solvers

SAMG-Core: The core of SAMG

Solves large linear systems that are "simple" in the sense that they describe only one (physical) entity without any additional side information. Classic examples are "Poisson-like" discretized physical equations, such as pressure, heat conduction, or potential equations – they are of central importance in technical numerics and "the" domain of multigrid methods.

Download SAMG-Core [PDF, 875 KB]

SAMG-Constraints: Special Uzawa-smoothing and Schur-Complement approaches to handle constraints in the linear systems.

Extension Module SAMG-Constraints targets at linear systems that feature a saddle-point structure. This also holds for systems with a lot of constraints, at maybe different scales. Classical iterative solver approaches may no longer be applicable: the different parts of the system may require individual handling and round-off effects may be triggered by differences in scale. SAMG-Constraints provides specialized smoothing and further techniques to overcome such difficulties.

Download SAMG-Constraints [PDF, 927 KB]

SAMG-Elasticity: Specialized setups that dedicatedly target at challenging linear elasticity problems.

Extension Module SAMG-Elasticity provides specialized setup approaches that target at highly ill-conditioned linear systems from linear elasticity problems. Classical, general AMG setup approaches may no longer work properly in such cases, while enhancing the setup by additional information provides a way out.

Download SAMG-Elasticity [PDF, 635 KB]

SAMG-MPP: Special feature for the computationally efficient exploitation of large numbers of processes with SAMG's numerically efficient AMG approach.

Extension Module SAMG-MPP targets at applications with a high number of MPI processes. In these cases, the AMG setup can be adjusted to more lean versions that allow to significantly reduce the amount of communication. The user can adjust all settings to receive an application-suited balance between numerical robustness and computational performance. 

Download SAMG-MPP [PDF, 1.3 MB]

SAMG-Reservoir: Extension Module with solver approaches for full, coupled Jacobians from FIM/AIM reservoir simulations.

With Extension Module SAMG-Reservoir included, SAMG adjusts itself to the type of simulation. This can be used for mere Black-Oil and various flavors of compositional simulations. However, this is also available for non-isothermal problems and, combined with Extension Module SAMG-Constraints, for coupled geomechanics.

Download SAMG-Reservoir [PDF, 935 KB]

SAMG-Modflow for groundwater simulations:
Efficient linear solution process as a black-box

SAMG-Modflow implements usage of SAMG in U.S.G.S.'s modular hydrologic model MODFLOW's solver package LMG ("Link-AMG").

SAMG-Modflow is available for MODFLOW-2000, MODFLOW-2005, MODFLOW-USG and MODFLOW 6. 

Download SAMG-Modflow [PDF, 802 KB]

SAMG-ASC: Extension module with a solver control mechanism that can autonomously select appropriate solver methods and parameters in a simulation with methods of machine learning.

Based on a pre-defined selection of solver methods for an application, evolutionary and surrogate learning strategies auto-select the best-suited variant.

Download SAMG-ASC [PDF, 639 KB]

SAMG-Coupled: Special features to handle structures from systems of PDEs. This allows for applying SAMG also in simulations with challenging physics.

Download SAMG-Coupled [PDF, 836 KB]

Fast auto-parallel linear solver for huge engineering applications

The original SAMG is a very efficient linear solver library based on algebraic multigrid (AMG), specifically developed for industrial applications. SAMG supports both serial and multi-core computations on single PC, workstations or compute nodes.
The new XSAMG library additionally exploits the parallelism offered by multiple nodes of a compute cluster by distributing linear systems across different nodes (based on MPI). Since this is done automatically, the calling simulation program itself does not have to be prepared for distributed computing.

Download XSAMG [PDF, 308 KB]

Bioinformatics

Knowledge discovery and semantic search in scientific literature

SCAIView is an advanced search engine and addresses questions of interest to general biomedical researchers. Most of the information is given as unstructured text (publications, text fields in databases).

Download SCAIVIEW [PDF, 712 KB]

Optimization

AutoBarSizer

The software AutoBarSizer generates optimized layouts for the cutting of stock items, namely steel profiles (metal beams) and other bars and rods, into shorter pieces. The generated layouts achieve an extremely high degree of material utilization (yield), i.e. the cutting waste is minimized.

Download AutoBarSizer [PDF, 2,9 MB]

PackAssistant – it’s child’s play!

The geobra Brandstätter Stiftung & Co. KG, manufacturer of the PLAYMOBIL figures, uses about 18 000 different injection ­molding tools to produce plastic parts for a large variety of »play worlds«. For the products introduced in 2015 this involved 1 000 new parts. The packaging of the parts has to be planned in order to estimate and optimize logistics costs.

Download PackAssistent [PDF, 1 MB]

PackAssistant – schnelle Behälterplanung für neue KTM-Flitzer

Zum Serienstart des Sportwagens X-Bow stand die KTM-Sportcar Produktions GmbH im Jahr 2008 vor der Herausforderung, in fünf Monaten eine neue Produktionsstätte mit einer Fläche von 5500 m2 zu planen und aufzubauen. Zur Vorbereitung der Fahrzeugproduktion und der Logistikprozesse gehörten auch der Entwurf und die Produktion von Verpackungen für die insgesamt 450 neuen Bauteile des Fahrzeugs.

Download PackAssistant KTM [PDF, 378 KB]

AutoPanelSizer

AutoPanelSizer gives an answer to the question how rectangular pieces can be placed efficiently on rectangular sheets if the saw can only perform complete rectangular cuts. This question is particularly important in the woodworking industry, but also in the glass, metal, and plastics manufacturing industries.

Download AutoPanelSizer [PDF, 532 KB]

AutoNester-L

AutoNester-L is a software package for automatic placing of patterns on leather hides. It is widely used in the leather, upholstery, and car manufacturing industry. It is able to nest any set of pieces within a very short time in an optimal way, minimizing wasted material, while taking into account various types of constraints. The effi ciency of the markers achieved by AutoNester-L is competitive to experienced human nesters.

Download Autonester-L [PDF, 332 KB]

AutoNester-T

AutoNester-T is a software package for automatic placing of patterns on fabrics. It is widely used in the garment and upholstery manufacturing industry. It is able to nest any set of pieces within a very short time in an optimal way, minimizing wasted material, while taking into account various types of constraints. The efficiency of the markers achieved by AutoNester-T is competitive to experienced human nesters.

Download Autonester-T [PDF, 338 KB]

CuboNester

The CuboNester software optimizes the arrangement of cuboid or nearly cuboid parts in three dimensions. The algorithm can combine a variety of different parts in one arrangement.

The software is available in two variants: CuboNester-C is designed for cutting blocks of material. It can be used for metal, marble, graphite, and foam, among others. CuboNester-P optimizes packing, for example of disassembled furniture into packages.

Download CuboNester [PDF, 1,2 MB]

CuboNester-P

CuboNester-P arranges different cuboid parts in layers in an optimized way. The software is particularly suitable for packaging disassembled furniture into packages.

Download CuboNester-P [PDF, 470 KB]

CoilNest – minimizes waste in pressing of car body parts

Within the CoilNest project, the Fraunhofer Institute SCAI has developed a software for cost and waste minimization in the pressing of car body parts.
In advance of the deep drawing process for car body production, between 50 and 100 blanks are pressed out of various coils. Optimized nesting of the blanks and pressing of the nested patterns allow considerable material savings compared to the conventional pressing of rectangular or parallelogram-shaped blanks. The software solves the resulting optimization problem to decide which blanks are pressed out of the same coil and how they are nested.

Download CoilNest [PDF, 351 KB]

Automatic cut order planning in textile ­industry

CutPlanner is a software package for use in the textile manufacturing industry for automatic cut order planning. CutPlanner takes a customer's order for a clothing item and creates a cut plan for that item, including different sizes and different fabric types or colors, which minimizes production costs.
A cut plan is an assignment of sizes and fabric types to markers. For each of these markers, the required number of plies is computed to fulfil the order's specifics.

Download CutPlanner [PDF, 780 KB]

Längenoptimierung beim Zuschnitt von Stahlprofilen

Bei der Produktion warmgewalzter Stahlprofile werden zunächst Stahlblöcke unter hohem Energieaufwand auf 1250 °C erhitzt. Daraus werden lange Profile geformt und diese in einem zweistufigen Prozess (vgl. Abb. 3) in kundenspezifische, kurze Profilabschnitte unterteilt.
Die Kunden – z.B. Hersteller von Nutzfahrzeugen,  Landmaschinen oder Gabelstaplern und Bauunternehmen – bestellen ihr individuelles Stahlprofil in unterschiedlichen Längen üblicherweise über mehrere Monate oder Jahre hinweg.
Dabei können die Profile bis zur Größenordnung der kurzfristig erwarteten Abnahmemenge auf Vorrat produziert und gelagert werden.

Download StahlProOpt [PDF, 394 KB]

Coupling SOA-based applications with HPC resources

Fraunhofer SCAI is an established specialist in HPC and parallel applications. Through benchmarking activities in the last 10 years SCAI became an expert in measuring and optimizing parallel applications (commercial and Open-Source) on Linux and Windows HPC clusters. Besides simple runtime measurements and scale-out studies (with varied node, socket and core allocations), specific attention was paid to potential influences of the cluster’s interconnect type (Gigabit Ethernet vs. QDR Infiniband), different MPI versions (Intel MPI, MVAPICH, Open MPI, MS MPI) and MPI parameters or underlying file systems on the application’s overall performance. Impacts of different compilers (Intel, PGI etc.) and their respective flags have been analysed as well.

Download Coupling SOA [PDF, 356 KB]

Network Evaluation Technologies

Interactive environment for parameter analysis and optimization

Technical processes and products typically depend on many parameters, e.g. geometrical, material and process parameters. The user would like to adjust these parameters to obtain the best design of the product or the optimal control of the production process.

Download DesParO [PDF, 352 KB]

Simulation, analysis and planning of ­energy networks

In the future, thousands of kilometers of new grids will be built in Germany to make greater use of electricity from renewable energies. These new “intelligent networks” (smart grids) increase complexity, costs, and vulnerability. Fraunhofer SCAI has developed a software tool to analyze and optimize transport networks for gas, electricity, water and heat, as well as integration of these energy sectors using numerical simulations as early as the planning stage. This makes conversion and expansion more flexible for network operators, saves energy and expenses, and increases the security of the energy supply.

Download MYNTS [PDF, 589 KB]

EnCoMOS – Energieoptimierung in komplexen Produktionsprozessen

Der Energie- und Ressourcenverbrauch macht bei vielen Unternehmen - etwa aus den Bereichen Chemie, Metall oder Pharma - über 60 Prozent der Produktionskosten aus. Effiziente Energienutzung ist daher für solche Unternehmen von besonders großer Bedeutung. Zur Optimierung der Energienutzung wurde von der Internationalen Organisation für Normung (ISO) die Norm DIN EN ISO 50001 Energiemanagementsysteme (EnMS) erarbeitet. Die praktische Umsetzung eines EnMS ist jedoch aufgrund der Vielzahl abhängiger Steuerparameter in komplexen Produktionsprozessen eine nennenswerte Herausforderung.

Download EnCoMOS [PDF, 326 KB]

Simulation and optimization of data center energy flows

The reduction of energy consumption and the possible reuse of waste heat become increasingly important issues in the design and operation of large data centers. The increased variability in the energy consumption of HPC data centers is a great challenge for the current center infrastructure, which is mainly driven by the need to save electrical energy. Figure 2 shows the power consumption of the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanitiesin Garching (LRZ). As can be seen, the overall power consumption varies with the power consumption of the super computer (SuperMUC). The combination of this load variability and the use of new cooling technologies in the data center (chillerless cooling) provides an opportunity to increase the energy efficiency of the data center.

Download SIMOPEK [PDF, 1.0 MB]

Virtual Material Design

Computer-aided molecular design

The Virtual Material Design (VMD) Group performs contract research and solves problems for the industry with state-of-the-art computer-aided molecular design (CAMD). Our aim is to support the industry in developing products and processes.

Download VMD [PDF, 700 KB]

Multi-CPU accelerated numerical simulation

Recently Fraunhofer SCAI, in conjunction with the Institute for Numerical Simulation (INS) at the University of Bonn have been selected as one of the first CUDATM Research Centers in Germany based on the vision, quality and impact of their work. The research is focused on the development of massively paralleled multi-GPU based software packages for numerical simulation in the natural and engineering sciences. Companies benefit from the transfer of knowledge from basic research to practical applications.

Download Tremolo-X [PDF, 529 KB]

Numerical Data-Driven Prediction

SimCompare

SimCompare is a tool for detecting events – in this context deviations, such as anomalies or strange variations in deformations – arising in the results of similar simulation runs for crashworthiness analysis using finite element (FE) models. It provides a comparison of two FE simulation results based on arbitrary node / element data functions, e.g. displacements, plastic strains, or thicknesses, and time step. The parts with the largest differences are automatically highlighted based on several comparison measures and an appropriate threshold.

Download SimCompare [PDF, 987 KB]

ModelCompare

The ModelCompare plug-in for finite element method (FEM) pre- and postprocessing tools provides a comparison of two similarly discretized FE models and portrays their differences in terms of geometry (mesh), material-ID and thickness.
ModelCompare identifies the differences between the two models based on the geometry described by the mesh and is independent of the Part ID (PID) or the NAME / TITLE of the parts. It uses specialized mapping techniques that result in extremely short run times.

Download ModelCompare [PDF, 1,2 MB]

FEMMINER – accelerated analysis for hundreds of simulations

The demand for improved product development in industry has led to a tremendous growth in the number of large-scale finite element simulations being performed. Dimension reduction techniques that extract the essential variations between designs and simulation results provide a new approach for analyzing product variants stored in huge simulation repositories. In this context Fraunhofer SCAI investigates innovative solutions for the automotive industry.

Download FEMMINER [PDF, 786 KB]